POSTSCRIPT / May 7, 2006 / Sunday

By FEDERICO D. PASCUAL JR.

Philippine STAR Columnist

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Erap, Ping face minefield in Aragoncillo spying case

CUIDAO: A minefield lies before former President Joseph “Erap” Estrada, Sen. Panfilo Lacson, and several others mentioned by a former US Marine who had pleaded guilty of passing classified information to Filipino opposition politicians plotting to overthrow the Arroyo administration.

One misstep could mean political carnage in the Erap camp.

If President Gloria Arroyo would again allow Justice Secretary Raul Gonzalez to play naughty, he could feed Erap et al. to the hungry lions waiting in a US district court in New Jersey. They could face long stateside prison terms if extradited, indicted and found guilty.

Filipino-American intelligence analyst Leandro Aragoncillo has admitted before investigators and in court that he went to Manila and met with his co-conspirators in Malacañang when Erap was still there and that later he passed classified documents to them.

Putting up a brave front, Erap, of course, denied involvement in espionage. Lacson, his former national police chief, admitted receiving some materials from Aragoncillo, but said those were not sensitive documents.

Whatever, the unfolding drama is something to watch on both sides of the Pacific.

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OUSTER PLOT: The crime alleged is quite serious. Trafficking in US national security documents that could be “used to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of a foreign nation” is something Americans do not let pass.

Aragoncillo has testified about his passing on to Filipino contacts sensitive materials relating to terrorist threats to US government interests in the Philippines and the joint military exercises involving American troops in the Philippines.

Some of the documents I have seen, and which I presume are among papers sent by Aragoncillo to his contacts, are copies of reports of the chief of the US embassy in Manila to the home office about the Arroyo administration and the Philippine situation.

The embassy reports were so critical of President Arroyo that many opposition strategists could have interpreted them as signaling that the US government itself was — or at least was disposed to — working for Ms Arroyo’s ouster.

During his indictment, Aragoncillo described five years of his passing top secret and secret information to Filipino opposition politicians plotting to unseat Ms Arroyo.

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SOLOMONIC: The Makati Regional Trial Court, meanwhile, has approved an alternative rehabilitation plan for Pacific Plans Inc., one of the pioneer educational pre-need firms hit by tuition increases soaring beyond actuarial projections since 1990.

The PPI rehab plan, which is expected to be a model for similarly distressed pre-need companies, was approved April 27 and released this week by Presiding Judge Romeo F. Barza of Makati RTC Branch 61.

Rather than order PPI to pay all maturing obligations outright, Barza’s “solomonic” decision sought to save the company, protect its other pre-need businesses, and give stakeholders, especially its planholders, a chance to recover with profits their investments with PPI.

The decision on PPI will heighten interest in similar cases of other pre-need companies whose trust funds have been found insufficient to meet their obligations falling due.

(Footnote: This has nothing to do with the PPI case, but Barza, who is president of the Philippine Judges Association, has been appointed justice of the Court of Appeals.)

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BUSINESS AS USUAL: Barza noted that PPI has sent at least 56,000 students to school, part of more than 400,000 planholders for its various pre-need products such as memorial plans, pension plans and fixed-value educational plans.

To be serviced under the rehab plan, crafted with the help of court-appointed rehab receiver Mamerto A. Marcelo Jr., are about 34,000 holders of traditional education pre-need plans (PEPTrads). Some 16,000 of them are availing and going to school while 18,000 are not yet availing themselves of any plan.

The court said PPI must be allowed to continue its business since to allow it to collapse under the weight of runaway tuition rates would prejudice its more than 400,000 planholders.

Under PEPTrads launched in February 1986, the planholder is guaranteed the payment of tuition and other school fees, irrespective of the cost at the time of availment. A trust fund was created by PPI to ensure payment of maturing plans.

Other plans are fixed-rate, meaning the maturing value of the plan is a pre-agreed amount not affected by the tuition level prevailing at the time of availment. This type is not a problem.

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ROOTS TRACED: Filing for corporate rehabilitation on April 7, 2005, PPI pointed out that the Department of Education issued starting 1990 orders that deregulated school matriculation fees. This has resulted in sharp increases in tuition and other fees.

Since 1990, tuition in private schools has increased by an average of 16 percent every year and in some cases by as much as 28 percent. In contrast, the return on investment on the trust funds created to pay obligations ranged only from 11 to 14 percent.

The situation was aggravated by the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s. As a result, deficiencies in the trust fund began to be felt. The company stopped selling PEPTrads in 1992.

Recall that in 1987, only P30,000 was needed for an entire four-year college course. By 2003, this had climbed to P30,000 per semester, or a total of P240,000. If deregulation were not imposed and tuition rose only by the previously prescribed maximum of 10 percent, the total would be around P130,000 after 16 years.

In some exclusive schools, a plan bought for P15,000 before 1990 resulted in the pre-need company paying more than 20 times when the beneficiary filed for claims 12 years later.

There were other firms, however, where the Securities and Exchange Commission found pre-need funds having been used for other projects without reasonable diligence, resulting in the dissipation of funds intended for paying maturing claims.

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SOME BONANZA: Actually, it has not been all bad news for PPI planholders, as I have reported in an earlier column.

For instance, some PPI planholders who had paid a total of P13,800 each for premium have collected up to as much as P308,000 in benefits, or a whopping 2,200 percent return on investments!

All told, on the average, there were planholders who got an ROI of up to l,600 percent. This explains why, for a time, there was a brisk secondary market or the reselling or transferring of plans for a (hefty) profit.

Talking of those who have fully availed themselves of traditional plans, 12,063 planholders representing 31 percent have been paid a total of P2.17 billion as of last year — versus their contribution of P397 million, or an ROI of 549 percent. Not bad.

Actually, majority (56 percent) of some 21,825 planholders of PPI had been paid at least P1.6 billion. Their contribution of P327 million, taken together, earned them a 500 percent ROI.

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REHAB PLAN: A month after the filing of PPI’s petition, Barza started hearings on May 25, 2005.

The approved rehab plan will allow PPI to pay cash to the planholders every enrolment period until school year 2009-2010 using National Power Corp. bonds, which are the bulk of the PEPTrad Trust Fund. These are US dollar-denominated zero-coupon bonds guaranteed by the government.

The court also ruled that the payments to or the servicing of the fixed-value plans (memorial, pension and fixed-value education plans) are payments made in the ordinary course of business of the corporation. The planholders should continue to be paid their benefits from their respective trust funds.

To ensure compliance, the court required the rehab receiver to submit a monthly report of all activities undertaken in the implementation of the approved rehab plan.

In his decision, Barza urged the SEC to grant PPI a dealer’s license and the registration of securities as well as salesmen and agents’ licenses.

The judge’s line is reinforced by House Resolution No. 1049 recognizing the importance of preserving and protecting the pre-need business which is uniquely Filipino.

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(First published in the Philippine STAR of May 7, 2006)

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